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Contributors in Cardiology



Medical; Cardiology

Atherosclerosis (also known as arteriosclerotic vascular disease or ASVD) is a condition in which an artery wall thickens as a result of the accumulation of fatty materials such as cholesterol. It is ...

Ventricular fibrillation

Anatomy; Allergies and allergens

An erratic, disorganised firing of impulses from the ventricles. The ventricles quiver and are unable to contract or pump blood to the body. This is a medical emergency that must be treated with ...


Medical; Cardiology

South African doctor who performed the first successful transplant of a human heart in 1967.


Medical; Cardiology

Damage to a part of body that is caused by extreme cold. Frostbite results from the gradual loss of proper blood flow.

Aortic sclerosis musical murmur

Medical; Cardiology

This is a loud murmur early in systole. The murmur is characterised by a musical quality. S1 and S2 are normal. Diastole is silent. To hear the sound and view an animation of it: http://www.practical ...


Medical; Cardiology

An antiplatelet drug that is used as an adjunct to lessen the chance of a heart attack.

Telesystolic volume

Medical; Cardiology

The volume of blood in a ventricle at the end of contraction, or systole, and the beginning of filling, or diastole. Also known as end-systolic volume.

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