Home > Terms > English, UK (UE) > Damascus

Damascus

Damascus is the capital and the second largest city of Syria. In addition to being the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious centre of the Levant. The city has an estimated population of 1,711,000 (2009).Located in southwestern Syria, Damascus is the centre of a large metropolitan area of 2.4 million people (2004).

First settled in the 2nd millennium BC, it was chosen as the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate from 661 to 750. After the victory of the Abbasid dynasty, the seat of Islamic power was moved to Baghdad. During Ottoman rule, the city decayed completely while maintaining a certain cultural prestige. Today, it is the seat of the central government and all of the government ministries.Damascus has a wealth of historical sites dating back to many different periods of the city's history. It was chosen as the 2008 Arab Capital of Culture.

This is auto-generated content. You can help to improve it.
0
Collect to Blossary

Member comments

You have to log in to post to discussions.

Terms in the News

Featured Terms

Harry8L
  • 0

    Terms

  • 0

    Blossaries

  • 1

    Followers

Industry/Domain: Culinary arts Category: Cooking

Paella

Valencian rice dish that originated in its modern form in the mid-19th century near lake Albufera, a lagoon in Valencia (east cost of Spain). Many ...

Contributor

Featured blossaries

typhoon

Category: Other   1 17 Terms

Natural Fermentation Bread

Category: Food   1 35 Terms