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Milgram experiment

A social psychology experiment, conducted by Yale University psychology professor Stanley Milgram from 1961 to 1963, to measure the degree to which a participant will adhere to a number of agencies while performing their duties conflict with their morals. Testing consists of three numbers, the number of agencies who provide guidance for the participants, the participants have played the role of teachers, and a cast of acting students. In this experiment, participants (teachers) have been instructed to deliver the shock increased by about 15 times-V to study for each incorrect answer was given. Start leveel is at 15 Volts (labelled "mild shock" on the air) and go all the way up to 450 volts ("danger: severe shock"). As the voltage increases, the actors will plead to participants, signs of severe pain and eventually stop responding. If the teacher never asked to stop testing, the Agency issued the command to prod people to join:

  1. "Please continue."

  1. "test requires that you continue."

  1. "It is absolutely essential that you continue."

  1. "You have no other choice, you have to go."

some participants fear at what they were being asked to do, stop the test anytime soon, despite their supervisor's urge to go; others keep up to 450 volts, even when the school tie for mercy, yelled a warning about his heart condition--and then fell quiet alarming. In most variations of the experiment, a full 65 percent of the participants delivered the maximum 450-volt shock.

until they emerged from the laboratory, the participants did not know that the shock was not really, the cries of pain has been written before, and that the learner into the whole thing, sitting alive and safe in the next room. They also did not know that they have only been used to prove that soon will make the famous Milgram: ordinary people, under the guidance of a figure of authority, will follow just about any order in which they were given, even to torture.

test tried to show mankind's darkside capacity for evil lies dormant in everyone, be ready to be awakened with the right set of circumstances. As a result, Milgram experiment was used to explain the atrocities of the Holocaust to the My Lai massacre of the Vietnam war to the abuse of prisoners at Abu Ghraib.

in recent years, a growing number of psychologists disagree with Milgram's conclusion says that the result is as much a product of their time as they are a product of his research. At Milgram began his research, the trial of Adolf Eichmann, one of the main architects of the Holocaust, is already in full swing. In 1963, the same year Milgram published his research.

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